Why we mistake PCOS for PCOD?
There have always been some discussions around PCOD vs PCOS – Are they the same? It is commonly found that many women use both, PCOD (Poly Cystic Ovarian Disease) and PCOS (Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome) interchangeably when both are very different conditions.
The only common factor between both the conditions is that they both are related to the ovaries and both cause hormonal disturbances, There are however many differences between the two and understanding both of them separately and also the specific treatment of both may have faster results.
The facts are women have two ovaries which release an egg alternately every month. The ovaries are supposed to ovaries also produce female hormones that are responsible for many things like fertility, period schedule, facial hair, etc. apart from these they also produce androgens or male hormones but in very minute quantity.
What is PCOD?
PCOD is a health condition in which the ovaries contain many immature or partially mature eggs that eventually turn into cysts. Junk food, being overweight, stress and hormonal disturbances are the main causes of this condition. The most common symptoms of PCOD are irregular periods, abdominal weight gain, infertility, and male pattern hair loss. The ovaries usually become enlarged in this problem and secrete large amounts of androgens that cause havoc with the woman’s fertility and her body.
What is PCOS?
PCOS is a very severe metabolic disorder that is more severe than PCOD. In the case of those who suffer from it, the ovaries produce a higher quantity of the male hormone, and this leads to the formation of more than ten follicular cysts in the ovary every month. It hinders the release of egg leading to anovulation. Symptoms include hair loss, obesity, and infertility.
PCOD vs PCOS?
PCOS is a serious health condition. Whereas PCOD is not considered a disease as with the correct diet and exercise schedule, the situation improves. PCOS is more of a metabolic disorder.
PCOD is more common amongst millennials. One-third of the women population around the world suffer from PCOD. PCOS comparatively has a lower number of patients.
PCOS has serious complications. Women who suffer from PCOS are at risk of developing diabetes, high blood pressure cardiac-vascular issues, obesity, and even endometrial cancer.
PCOS is visible early in life. Girls who suffer from PCOS show symptoms of the disease since their teenage years. There are some conditions like acne, excessive hair growth and weight gain which are evident from a younger age due to metabolic disturbances.
Those with PCOD don’t have significant fertility issues. Under some medical assistance conceive successfully. Women who suffer from PCOS, on the other hand, have a greater struggle with infertility. They even have higher rates of miscarriages.
Those with PCOD can still ovulate regularly. The women who suffer from PCOD may have similar symptoms as PCOS, but they retain the ability to ovulate periodically and thus, can conceive successfully. However, those with PCOS do not ovulate due to a severe hormonal imbalance that disturbs the process of ovulation.